Today is Ramprasad Bismil’s birthday. His name came up for the first time in the Kakori case. Ramprasad was born on 11 June 1897. 10 revolutionaries together robbed a train in Kakori near Lucknow. There was money and some German pistols in this train which were looted by all of them together. All this was being taken for the English army. When Ramprasad Bismil was caught in this case, he surrendered. After which he came to know that he would be hanged now, on 19 December 1927, he was hanged in Gorakhpur jail. But it is said that not only does the body die, but the lion and the best songs from the lab have kept Ramprasad Bismil alive in India till date. Who would not know and who would not have heard the song “Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab humare dil mein hai” written by him. Today, on the occasion of his birthday, we will remember his story again. And you will know how this great revolutionary had tried to bring revolution in the people of India with his writing.
The Legend of Bhagat Singh
Ramprasad Bismil’s song ‘Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamara Dil Mein Hai’ is still played on Independence Day and Republic Day with great pride. This song has been used in many movies. Not only this, this song has also been given an important place in the film ‘The Legend of Bhagat Singh’, made on the life of Bhagat Singh. Ajay Devgan played the character of Bhagat Singh in this film.
Anurag Kashyap’s Gulal
We had also heard this song in Anurag Kashyap’s film ‘Gulal’ released in 2009. In this film, Piyush Mishra is seen singing Sarfaroshi’s Tamanna with a harmonium. But in the last lines of this song, he tells Bismil to introduce him to today’s era.
And re Bismil, I wish you were Indians today.
Let’s see what the whole country is in the tashan, what a thrill.
Bismil may have written these songs in his last days, but his pen is still with us. There was so much power in his handwriting, that this song was sung a lot in the era of revolution. While singing this song, he first hugged the gallows and then Bhagat Singh did the same thing. There is a line in this song which goes like this.
The interests of the country are born,
will die in the country.
To the dying country,
Alive but will do.
Indeed, this song has drawn a different line in Bollywood. Because of which Ramprasad Bismil can never be forgotten. The story of Bismil was not a common story, he wrote his autobiography before hanging in jail. In this he had said, no movement in India can be completely won until the people of India are educated. We have to be educated, that will be our biggest and first freedom. Bismil belonged to a Hindu family, where he was taught Hindi by his father and Urdu from a Maulvi. In childhood, Bismil was a very spoiled boy, he used to smoke 50 to 60 cigarettes a day, but after joining Arya Samaj, he said goodbye to all these habits.
“Colour my clothes saffron”, was also the product of revolutionary Ramprasad Bismil, all the accused of Kakori conspiracy were imprisoned in Lucknow jail. During that, a day before Basant Panchami, his colleagues asked him to write something that he could sing along with everyone the next day, and then the whole jail complex resonated with the sound of this song.
At the same time, a complete film named ‘Rang De Basanti’ has also been made, in which the story of such revolutionary children has been shown. Let us tell you, this film was released in 2006, in this film we saw Aamir Khan, Sharman Joshi, Soha Ali Khan and R Madhavan in the lead roles.
Bismil’s best friend was Ashfaqullah Khan. There were many controversies regarding their friendship. There used to be a lot of riots during that time regarding Hindu-Muslim. But both of them never left with each other. Bismil is always with us, he is always close to us through his writings, sher and nagams. We salute this great revolutionary.