HiRISE The camera was installed on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in 2006. In the same year, this orbiter was sent on the journey to Mars. Since then it has seen many figures there and photographed them. Scientists believe that both water and carbon dioxide may have played a major role in the formation of the recently discovered structures.
This type of structure is believed to have been formed due to water and carbon dioxide in the high regions of Mars. At low temperatures, water ice stored in the soil separates the ground and forms polygonal shapes. Then dry ice is added to it. In the spring months when the ground warms up, the dry ice erodes more from below the surface and forms channels. This creates polygonal shapes. This takes many years, as the ice near the surface expands and contracts seasonally.
Significantly, evidence of the presence of water on Mars has already been found. Last year, the European Space Agency (ESA) said in a new study that water is hidden beneath the surface of the Valles Marineris Valley of Mars. The European Space Agency and the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) discovered large amounts of water in this valley.
There is also a preparation to send humans to Mars in the future. For this, scientists are trying to invent such a technique that it takes the least time to travel there. Recently, a group of researchers from McGill University in Canada said that if the spacecraft going to Mars uses the propulsion system described by them, then the time of Earth-Mars travel will be reduced to just 45 days. can be done. If this is possible, then the search related to Mars will be greatly accelerated.