Inflation of fodder reached the height of 9 years, late rains and these reasons increased the difficulties of the farmers

Due to heavy rains this year, there has been a lot of damage in the millet crop and due to the inflation of fodder reaching the high of 9 years, the problems of the farmers have increased.

Due to heavy rains in many parts of the country, fodder crops have been damaged, due to which there has been a huge shortage in fodder and the inflation rate has reached a high of 9 years, due to which the crisis of fodder in front of the farmers has deepened. The farmer is very worried about the lack of fodder and the bad crop due to heavy rains. Rabina, a marginal farmer and cattle herder covered in head to toe, continues to collect kadvi (millet straw) from soaked fields, even though it is raining incessantly in her village in Udhanwas in Rajasthan’s Alwar district. Tapukara, thirteen kilometers away near the gauge station, recorded 91 mm of rain, which is the highest in a single day of the season. Pointing to the millet straw lying in the wet field, Rabina said that due to heavy rains, the loss in the millet crop is very high. 34-year-old Rabina runs a family of seven, her main source of income is livestock and she has two buffaloes. He is now worried about arranging fodder for his buffaloes as the bajra crop has been damaged due to heavy rains. From which he expected to get at least four quintals of straw.

Rabina says that she feeds the animals by grinding it because chaff is very expensive, she is feeding millet straw to cattle, because the cost of wheat straw is 700-800/40 kg which is too much for her. The prices of chaff or wheat straw, the main dry fodder for cattle and buffaloes in the region, have risen further this year. Rising fodder prices have put a heavy burden on agricultural households, especially due to the late and heavy monsoon rains with massive crop damage. The lumpy skin disease spread across 15 states killed nearly one lakh cattle and Another 20 lakh have been affected. ,

The Wholesale Price Index or WPI-based fodder inflation rate stood at 25.54 per cent in August 2022, the highest in the last nine years. And it is increasing from December 2021. While overall WPI inflation has moderated in recent months. August 2022 WPI inflation at 12.41 per cent (provisional) is the lowest since September 2021, showing a sharp rise in fodder inflation, which has now risen to over 20.

The cost of fodder is almost equal to the grain

52-year-old Rahisan, a resident of Kulawat village near Alwar district, says that he has 12 cows, two buffaloes and one goat, the cost of fodder is almost equal to the grain. Wheat is priced at Rs 2,200 per quintal this year and compared it to Rs 800 per 40 kg or Rs 2,000 per quintal for dry fodder. Not only has the prices of dry fodder, fodder (khal and sardine) also increased sharply, mustard oil cake which was priced at Rs 1,600 per quintal now costs around Rs 3,000 per quintal. His family’s four bighas (about 2.5 acres) of bajra crop planted in the village has also been damaged like many others due to heavy rains.

Livelihood dependent on animal husbandry and farming

Isha Mohammad, a resident of Muradbas village in Nuh district of Haryana, said that the price of fodder has doubled to Rs 700 per 40 kg in a year. In addition, the rate of green fodder (sorghum) was also more than Rs 20,000 per acre. The district officials of Alwar and Nuh acknowledge the sharp rise in fodder prices this year and its adverse impact on the local people. Dr Narendra Kumar, Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry, Nuh said that as per the 20th Livestock Census, there were around 33,000 cattle and 1.75 lakh buffaloes in the district, more than 90 percent of the families in the district depend on animal husbandry and farming for their livelihood.

impact on milk prices

The increase in the prices of fodder is directly affecting the prices of milk. When Amul manufacturer, Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) decided to increase the retail prices of milk in August this year, citing that the cost of animal feed was high. It said in a statement that the cost of animal feed alone has increased by about 20 percent compared to last year. But high milk prices don’t mean much to people like 60-year-old Yasin in Udhanwas. Due to sharp rise in prices of dry fodder (dried residues of crops like straw of wheat, paddy, jowar, barley, jowar, gram, etc.), he is out to graze his 15 animals including cattle and buffaloes even on rainy days . He cultivates two-three bighas of agriculture and animal husbandry is his main source of income.

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shortage of fodder due to stubble burning

According to dairy industry sources, dry fodder (wheat straw) was selling at Rs 15-16 per kg in many places in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, and was much higher than last year’s prices. There is a shortage of 12-15 per cent of green fodder and 25-26 per cent of dry fodder in the country. One reason for this shortage is that paddy and wheat straw are not fully converted into good quality fodder. In many parts of the country, farmers burn stubble, which leads to further shortage of fodder.