National Cinema Day 2022: The rise of Indian cinema, know its history and importance

Many films were also made which changed the attitude of the people. People changed their perspective of thinking, started seeing the film not as a film but as a reality.

Indian Cinema Theater

Image Credit source: Social Media

The number of people watching cinema in India increased year after year and films were made. The feeling of watching a movie in a theatre is very different. You see it on TV or on your phone, but you have to can’t find entertainment What you really want. So for that you have to go to the theater. But do you know how old is the history of Indian cinema? Maybe your answer will be no. So let us tell you that the history of Indian cinema dates back to the 19th century.

The first film was screened in Mumbai

The year 1896 was the year when the first film shot through the Lumere Brothers was screened in Mumbai (Bombay). But in reality, the history of cinema in India was made when the famous Harishchandra Sakharam Bhatwadekar came to be known as Save Dada. Impressed by the performance of the Lumere Brothers’ film, he got a camera from England. In Mumbai itself, his first film ‘The Wrestler’ was shot in Hanging Gardens. Actually, this film was a simple recording of a wrestling match, which was released in the year 1899. This film is considered to be the first film of the industry.

Dadasaheb Phalke is called the father of Indian cinema

However, Dadasaheb Phalke is called the father of Indian cinema. He made the first long film ‘Raja Harishchandra’, which was released in the year 1913. The film was silent, but it was a huge success. Dadasaheb Phalke was not only a director but he was also a writer, cameraman, editor, make-up artist and art director. Dada Saheb Phalke produced 23 films from the year 1913 to the year 1918.

Several film production companies started in the 1920s

In the early 1920s, many new film production companies emerged. In the 1920s, the Mahabharata and Ramayana and films with historical facts dominated. The first talkie film produced by Ardeshir Irani was ‘Alam Ara’, which was screened in Bombay in the year 1931. A new chapter started with this film. The first music director of this film was Firoz Shah. After this many film production companies produced the film. In the year 1927, 108 films were produced while in the year 1931 328 films were produced.

Large cinema hall was built

This was the time when a big cinema hall was also built. Its production also saw a huge increase in the number of viewers. During the years 1930 and 1940, many celebrities acted in films including Devaki Bose, Chetan Anand, S. s. Apart from Vasan and Nitin Bose, there were many other actors who stepped into the world of cinema.

1950 and 1960 is called the Golden Age of Indian Cinema

The 1950s and 1960s are considered to be the golden ages in the history of Indian cinema. During these few years, artists like Guru Dutt, Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari, Madhubala, Nargis, Nutan, Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman stepped into cinema. At the same time, the arrival of masala films in Bollywood happened in the 1970s. In this decade, apart from Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Sanjeev Kumar, Hema Malini, many other actors drew people towards cinema. The film ‘Sholay’ made through Ramesh Sippy had created history. People all over the world liked this film. Along with this, Amitabh Bachchan also became a superstar as soon as the film became a blockbuster.

Many female directors came in the 1980s

In the 1980s, many women directors also came in which apart from Mira Nair, Aparna Sen, many other women directors did excellent direction. This was followed by the 1990 tour, when apart from Shah Rukh Khan, Salman Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla, many other artists dominated.

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Films worked to change the attitude of the people

Many films were also made which changed the attitude of the people. People changed their perspective of thinking, started seeing the film not as a film but as a reality. Now people consider the content as the hero of the film and on the basis of that people go to watch movies.