Satellites getting ‘spoiled’ by solar flares may fall back to Earth

In many reports, we have read that different types of movements are being seen in the Sun. Due to these, events like solar flares, coronal mass ejections etc. Actually, our Sun is going through its 11 year cycle. It is in very active phase. Because of this, it is being said that solar flares are coming out. Reports have claimed that due to this the satellites are getting damaged and may fall back to Earth.

one of the sun Report According to this, every 11 years the magnetic field on the Sun flips. This means that the North and South poles change and the Sun starts behaving incorrectly. Solar flares are caused by this ongoing instability in the Sun. This is an explosion in the radiation of the Sun. When the Sun’s magnetic energy is released, the emitted light and particles form solar flares. These flares are the most powerful explosions ever in our solar system, releasing energy comparable to billions of hydrogen bombs. The energetic particles present in them also cause coronal mass ejections at the speed of light.

Coronal mass ejections, or CMEs, are large clouds of solar plasma. After a solar explosion, these clouds spread into the Sun’s magnetic field in space. Due to their rotation in space, they expand and often they reach a distance of several lakh miles. Sometimes they collide with the magnetic field of the planets. When their direction is towards the Earth, they can cause geomagnetic disturbances. Because of these, short circuits can occur in satellites and power grids can be affected. If their effect is high, they can also put the astronauts in Earth’s orbit at risk.

Currently, satellites are the cause of concern. There is concern that the flames emanating from solar flares are damaging the satellites.

The European Space Agency (ESA) is concerned about its Swarm spacecraft, which measures Earth’s magnetic field. It is said that in the last 5-6 years, this satellite was syncing 2.5 kilometers every year. But since December last year it has accelerated and it is sinking 20 km annually or going towards the earth. According to scientists, a lot is going on in the upper layer of the atmosphere. This satellite competes with the solar wind there. Apparently the winds and flares emanating from the Sun are reaching and damaging the satellites.



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