The shadow of poverty spread in the villages, in these 12 states, more than 50 percent of the population is poor.

Is the gap between the poor and the rich increasing?

According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) survey, 12 states and two union territories have more than half of their population living in the lowest two levels of poverty.

This question is arising from a government survey. In this way, understand that in the 12 states of the country, more than 50 percent of the population comes in the poorest section. You will probably be shocked to hear this, but the figures of the government itself are revealing this. These figures based on things of general need are pointing to a worrying situation. The data is from the National Family Health Survey ie NFHS. This report has been released only last week and many important information is found in it. Before proceeding further, let us know some important things about this report. So the first thing is that in this report for 2019-21 wealth index ,Wealth Index) has been used.

Now to decide this, the accounts of the items with the families have been seen. For example, whether a family has things like TV, fridge, bike scooter and drinking water. On this basis the population is divided into five groups of equal size. In this, the top 20 percent are the richest and the bottom 20 percent are considered the poorest.

Richer population in cities

So now we come back to the results of the survey and some very surprising things have come out in it. According to the parameters, for equitable distribution of capital, 20-20 percent of the population in any area or state should be in all five categories. But, it is not so. Actually, the urban population is towards the top category. That is, more wealthy population lives in cities.

Only one person out of every four falls into the rich group

On the other hand, the shadow of poverty has spread in the villages and the countryside. For example, 74 per cent of the urban population falls in the top 2 category, that is, the very wealthy. In contrast, only one out of every four people living in the countryside falls into these wealthy groups.

About 54 percent of the population of rural areas is in the poorest two groups. Only 10 percent of the city’s population is in such a poverty line. Remember here that this wealth index is based on the availability of household items, bikes, etc. with the households.

More than 50 percent of the population is poor in 12 states

The most disturbing thing is that in 12 states and two union territories, more than half of their population is living in the lowest two levels of poverty. The share of such population living in poverty in Assam is 70 percent. After this Bihar 69 percent and Jharkhand 68 percent is in poverty.

Except Mizoram and Sikkim, all the other north-eastern states are falling under this poverty line. Now this figure paints a grim picture of the unequal distribution of capital. On the basis of religion, both Hindus and Muslims are seen standing in the same line in the rich and poor. These figures alone show that in some states, more than 80 percent of the households have BPL cards.

read this also

This figure also gives an idea of ​​the wide spread of poverty. The data of the Family Health Survey is clearly showing the inequality present in the country. In the coming times, governments will have to make efforts to reduce this scope.