One in Geophysical Research Letters Study “We’ve never seen anything like this,” said study author Louis Milan, an atmospheric scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, in which the volcano erupted, producing a sonic boom. It was such a powerful force that it sent steamed water into the stratosphere, which was 12 to 53 kilometers from Earth, this was enough water to fill about 60,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools.
NASA’s Microwave Limb Sounder has given information about this. This NASA instrument keeps gathering information about the upper end of the Earth’s atmosphere. Scientists have said based on the information received from this that the water vapor that this explosion has sent into the atmosphere can cause an increase in the average temperature of the Earth, whose widespread effect can be seen around the world. Another side effect of this can be on the ozone layer of the earth, which can make it weak.
According to an estimate, scientists have said that the explosion sent 10 times the water vapor into the atmosphere as much as was already present in the atmosphere. The total amount of this water is said to be 146 teragrams. Before this, in another big explosion that took place in the Philippines in 1991, it was 4 times the amount of water that reached the atmosphere.
Usually, the smoke and dust produced by volcanic eruptions, prevents the sun’s rays from reaching the earth, and the heat is reduced in some places. But the Tonga eruption is being told differently, the water it has sent into the atmosphere will capture the heat of the earth’s surface here, which will increase the surface temperature significantly for some time. However, this effect will be temporary. <!–